The story of Australian medical ultrasound began 50 years ago with the establishment in 1959 of an Ultrasound Research Section within the Commonwealth Acoustic Laboratories. Within a few years the group was recognised as one of the leading ultrasound research groups in the world.

In 1975 the group became a separate entity and its name was changed to the Ultrasonics Institute (or UI). The Institute contributed vigorously to the development of the technology and clinical applications of diagnostic ultrasound until 1997.